THE HOLY QUR’AN COLLECTING AND WRITING
How was the Qur’an collected and when was it written?
The Holy Qur’an was collected in two phases. In the first phase, it came down All at once, at the decree night, While it was separately transmitted by Jibril “peace be upon him” upon our messenger heart Muhammad ”ِAllah’s prayers and peace be upon him” for twenty-three years.
Moreover, after the death of our Messenger ”Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him”, it was necessary to collect and memorize the Qur’an completely. Therefore, all the Companions were carrying the Qur’an in their hearts after the deaths of most of them, worried about losing the whole Qur’an.
The word “collect” means ” memorizing with the exact arrangement” has appeared many times in Allah’s Book, and this meaning was given by God Almighty to the Seal of His Prophets and Messengers ”Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him”. In addition, to a great number of His venerable
Companions, and those who follow them from among the righteous until today, and until the Day of Judgment.
These people have studied and still study the Holy Qur’ân and memorize it to read in their prayers, in their supererogatory prayers as well as in martyrdom. The word “collect” also appears in the sense of ” Writing & Blogging “.
However, the Qur’an’s collection and codification came in three distinct steps:
Step 1: Quran was collected in written format from the mouth of our Messenger ﷺ
The Companions continued to memorize the Qur’an until the number rose to uncountable numbers. Later, they transmitted the Qur’an to their followers in two ways:
First: Qur’an writing is done on the authority of the Messenger ”Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him” by people remarkable whom he assigned to this matter, and Allah’s Messenger ”Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him” didn’t move to the side of his Lord except that the Qur’an was all written in his house.
Second: Memorizing Qur’an in the breasts through oral reception from the great narrators of the Companions as well as their reciters, who in turn received it from Allah’s Messenger ”Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him”, who taught them how to pronounce and perform.
Step2: Collecting the Quran in one Mushaf during the era of Abi Baker Al-Siddiq
One of the Muslim martyrs in the Musaylimah war, the liar in al-Yamamah, included a large number of those who had memorized the Holy Qur’an. As a result, Abu Bakr, “Allah be pleased with him”, on the advice of Umar ibn al-Khattab, “Allah be pleased with him”, collected the Qur’an from parchments, bones, fronds, and men’s chests. Al-Siddiq, ”Allah be pleased with him”, assigned this great work, and the huge civilizational project to the great companion Zaid bin Thabit Al-Ansari, ”Allah be pleased with him”.
The papers were with Abu Bakr during his lifetime until died, then with Umar when he was alive until died, and then with Hafsa bint Omar, ”Allah be pleased with him”.
One of the priorities of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, ”Allah be pleased with him”, was that he was the first person to collect the Qur’an. On the other hand, Ali bin Abi Talib, ”Allah be pleased with him”, said: May Allah have mercy on Abu Bakr, he was the first to combine the Qur’an. Abu Bakr, ”Allah be pleased with him”, chose Zaid bin Thabit for this great task because he was a young man, twenty-one years old, so he would be more active in what is required of him as he is. The more skilled he is the more conscious he is.
Step3:Quran was collected in a series of copies in the time of Othman Dhul-Nourain
Transmitted by Anas bin Malik, ”Allah be pleased with him”: Hudhaifah ibn al-Yaman came to Uthman, ”Allah be pleased with him”, and was with the people of Iraq in the conquest of the Levant, in the conquest of Armenia and Azerbaijan. So, Hudhaifah, ”Allah be pleased with him”, was troubled by their differences in recitation, so Hudhaifah said to Uthman: “O Commander of the Faithful, recognize these people before they in the Book as the Jews and the Christians differ. Then Uthman sent to Hafsa ‘send us the papers so that we could transcribe them into the Qur’an and then send them back to you’.
Therefore Hafsa send to Uthman, and he ordered Zaid ibn Thabit, Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr, Saeed ibn al-Aas, and Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Harith ibn Hisham, ”Allah be pleased with them”, to transcribe them into the Holy Qur’an.
Uthman said to the three men of the Quraish: If you and Zaid bin Thabit disagree about anything in the Qur’an, then write it in the language of the Quraish, for it was revealed in their language, and they did so until they copied the pages in the copies of the Qur’an. Whereupon Uthman, ”Allah be pleased with him”, returned the pages to Hafsa and sent to each horizon a copy of what they had copied, and he ordered the rest of the Qur’an in each paper or Qur’an edition to be burned.
Uthman, ”Allah be pleased with him”, gathered the immigrants and the Ansar and consulted with them in this matter, and among them were the distinguished personalities of the people, the eminent Imams, the scholars of the Companions, and at the head of them was Ali ibn Abi Talib, ”Allah be pleased with them”. And he debated with them and they debated with him until he knew their opinion and they knew his opinion, and so they responded to his opinion with a frankness that leaves no doubt in the hearts of the believers. Which is as hidden from the people as it is from their eminent scholars and Imams.
The Qur’ân is protected because Allah has protected it since it was in heaven, on its way to the earth, and when it came down to the earth.
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