Completing of the Islamic Aqidah series and what Muslim children must know, Quranplanet highlights the Lesson 2 of the Islamic basics, while simplifying the origins of the Islamic Aqida in order to properly understand Islam.
What is Pillar of faith
There are 6 pillar of faith which are:
- Firstly is faith in Allahعز وجل الإيمان بالله
- Second is faith in Angel of Allah (Malaika)
- Third is faith in his Holy books (Quran and others)
- Fourth is faith in his messenger.
- Fifth is faith in the other day.
- Sixth is faith in destiny is good and evil.
As proof of this, the evidence for this is the famous hadith of Gabriel in Muslim, Gabriel said to the Prophet (may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him صلّ الله عليه وسلم) (Tell me about Faith أخبرني عن الإيمان), and the Prophet said: (To believe in Allah, His Malaikat, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in predestination, its good and its evil.
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faith in Allah
It means believing that it is Allah who created you and your livelihood and is the sole owner and mastermind of the creatures, no deity except Allah, the great and complete, who has no peer and no resemblance.
Faith in angel of Allah
They are creatures created by Allah from a light to worship and total critique of His order, including the Djibril peace that bears revelation to the prophets.
Faith in his Holy books
The Quran on Muhammad and the Gospel on Isa ‘ah peace be upon him, the Torah on Musa (peace be upon him), the Zubur on Dawood (peace be upon him), and the sohoof of Ibrahim and Musa.
Faith in his messengers
The apostles are those sent by Allah to his worshippers to teach them and heralds heaven and goodness, and to warn them of evil and fire. They are the best of them as Olu of determinationأولو العزم , Noah, Ibrahim, Musa, Issa, All Peace Be Upon Them, as well as by our Prophet Muhammad.
Faith in the other day
The other day is meant after death in the grave, which is doomsday, Baath day and reckoning, where the people of fire settle in their homes and the people of paradise in their homes.
Faith in Fate either good or bad
That pillar is divided into four degrees as follows:
- First: Allah’s Almighty Science
From that he knew before everything happened, and after it happened, Almighty said: ” Indeed, Allah [alone] has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.(Surat Luqman: 34 )ِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْأَرْحَامِ ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَّاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ”
- Second: Allah wrote this in clear record اللوح المحفوظ
Everything that has been happened and will be written in a book, its proof as Almighty said: ” And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is on the land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is there within the darknesses of the earth and no moist or dry [thing] but that it is [written] in a clear record. [Surat Al-An’am : 59 ]
وَعِندَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ۚ وَمَا تَسْقُطُ مِن وَرَقَةٍ إِلَّا يَعْلَمُهَا وَلَا حَبَّةٍ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْأَرْضِ وَلَا رَطْبٍ وَلَا يَابِسٍ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِين”
- Third: Everything happen in Allah’s will بإذن الله
There is nothing happening on earth from anyone of creation except by his will, and the proof is that Allah Almighty said, ” For whoever wills among you to take a right course. And you do not will except that Allah wills – Lord of the worlds لِمَنْ شَاءَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يَسْتَقِيمَ وَمَا تَشَاءُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ” Surat At-Takwir (28-29)
- Fourth: Belief that all beings are created by Allah
Allah created everything and created all beings and their qualities, their selves and everything in them, and proof Allah Almighty said, ” While Allah created you and that which you do?” [ Surat As-Saaffat : 96 ]وَاللَّهُ خَلَقَكُمْ وَمَا تَعْمَلُونَ ”
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What is the Quran?
It is the Word of God and the Proof is the Saying of Allah, ” And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah. Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know. [Surat At-Tawbah : 6 ] ( English – Sahih International )وَإِنْ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ اسْتَجَارَكَ فَأَجِرْهُ حَتَّىٰ يَسْمَعَ كَلَامَ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ أَبْلِغْهُ مَأْمَنَهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ.” Al-tawba Ayah (6)
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What is the Sunnah?
It is any word, deed or moral quality of the Prophet.
Bid’ah What is it? Is it permissible?
Bid’ah (Heresy) is all that people have done in religion, and it has never existed before in the reign of the Prophet, peace be upon him and his companions, and may not.
The Prophet said: “Every fad is misguided كل بدعة ضلالة “, narrated by Abu Dawood, an example of which is the increase in worship such as the increase in ablution الوضوء from the scan of the neck.
What is meant by the Aqidah of loyalty and righteousness
The Aqidah of loyalty عقيدة الولاء is intended to love the faithful, and to support them, the proof that God Almighty says: ” The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Those – Allah will have mercy upon them. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. [ Surat At-Tawbah : 71 ] ( English – Sahih International )
“وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَٰتُ بَعۡضُهُمۡ أَوۡلِيَآءُ بَعۡضٖۚ يَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡهَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤۡتُونَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥٓۚ أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ سَيَرۡحَمُهُمُ ٱللَّهُۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٞ ﴾
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The Aqidah of righteousness عقيدة البراء is innocence from the infidels, and the proof is that God Almighty said: ” There has already been for you an excellent pattern in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people, “Indeed, we are disassociated from you and from whatever you worship other than Allah. We have denied you, and there has appeared between us and you animosity and hatred forever until you believe in Allah alone[ Surat Al-Mumtahana : 4 ] ( English – Sahih International ) قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِىٓ إِبْرَٰهِيمَ وَٱلَّذِينَ مَعَهُۥٓ إِذْ قَالُواْ لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَءَٰٓؤُاْ مِنكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ ٱلْعَدَٰوَةُ وَٱلْبَغْضَآءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤْمِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَحْدَهُۥ “.
Here we come to the conclusion of lesson 2 of Islamic basics and ask God that we have succeeded in simplifying the fundamentals of the Islamic Aqidah so that we can make it easier to learn what Muslim children must know.